A major international study of the genetics of breast cancer has identified more than 350 DNA ‘errors’ that increase an individual’s risk of developing the disease. The scientists involved say these errors may influence as many as 190 genes.
The popular emphasis on technology being harnessed by individuals fails to consider how it can be used to improve social determinants of health, say Richard Milne, Edo Richard, Eric B Larson, and Carol Brayne
Despite increases in overall life expectancy there is still an inequality, with lower life expectancy observed more often in disadvantaged groups. It is well known that those in higher social classes have a typical life expectancy several years longer than those with the lowest. Similarly, life expectancy and levels of good health vary between UK […]
Proteins in our blood could in future help provide a comprehensive ‘liquid health check’, assessing our health and predicting the likelihood that we will we will develop a range of diseases, according to research published today in Nature Medicine.
The research was based on a trial in Indonesia, where patients often do not get the treatment they need due to a shortage of practitioners. The team at the Cambridge Institute of Public Health say the findings are also relevant to the UK and any other country with a long waiting time for mental health […]
SCHOPR, a group of major health research funders, has just published an important new set of public health research principles and goals aimed at driving impactful improvements in the UK’s health of the public research. Requested by the UK’s Chief Medical Officers (CMOs), these new recommendations were published at the end of last month (October […]
The University of Cambridge will be a partner in a new transatlantic research alliance announced today to help more people beat cancer through early detection. Cancer Research UK will invest up to £40 million over the next five years into the International Alliance for Cancer Early Detection (ACED). ACED is a partnership between Cancer Research […]
However, the scientists who led the study stress that it is not possible to say whether obesity causes these brain changes or whether the children are obese because their brain structures are different. Around 124 million children worldwide are thought to be obese. In the UK, almost one in five children are overweight or obese […]
Metered-dose inhalers contain liquefied, compressed gases that act as a propellant to atomise the drug being delivered and to pump it out to the user. Originally chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), were used as the propellant but these potent greenhouse gases and ozone-depleting substances are now banned. Instead they have been replaced by hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) propellants. While HFAs […]
I try to understand how and why new diseases emerge. As cities grow and climates change, new and poorly-understood diseases are causing outbreaks more and more frequently. I build models to help understand how this happens, from how zoonotic diseases – that is, diseases that ‘jump’ from animals to people – circulate in wildlife to […]